Figures of sound in literature has to do with poetic devices that are appealing musically or metrically in a literary work.
Unlike the usual poetic devices which we refer to figures of speech, these has the ability to beautify a line more to the ears of the audience.
1. Alliteration: This is the repetition of initial consonant sounds in a line of a poem. For example
- Father Francis fried fresh fish for friends…
The consonant alliterated in the example is the alphabet F
- Caught into the clash
- Bringing better books to you.
2. Onomatopoeia: This is when sounds of words are used to express the meaning, in this case the sound resembles the action denoted by the word
- Tick Tock! Etc
3. Pun: This is the play on words. Two words sounding alike but with different meaning are played with by placing both words in one sentence to but drives home different meanings
- Better late than be late
The initial late here means to arrive after time but the latter means to die.
- Tick for the Tick
The first Tick means to make a sound and the second means the parasite.
4. Repetition: This is when a word is used more than once for the sake of emphasis and sometimes rhythm. E.g
- Tap! Tap! Tap!
- Drip drip
- Alone on the wide wide sea etc
5. Refrain: This is the repetition of one or more phrases or line at intervals in a poem. Usually placed at the end of every stanza.
6. Parallelism: This is the repetition of identical structures, clauses and sentences in a stanza or poem.
7. Assonance: This is the repetition of internal vowel sound in the middle or initial words in a line of poetry e.g,
- Our echoes roll from soul to soul
The repetition of the vowel sound ‘O’ gives the line a form of rhyme. Another example is;
- Action and Alliance cant stand Apart.
8. consonance : This is the repetition of the same or similar consonants, following a change in the subsequent vowel sound e.g,
- Don’t let the pet hurt you
the words ending with the letter ‘t’ leaves a rhythm.
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